Welcome to Correctional Institutions in the U.S.

Welcome to Correctional Institutions in the U.S.

This course explores different aspects of U.S. correctional institutions, including the development of corrections from its historical beginnings to its contemporary structure today. Students will learn about the different types of sentencing options, including community corrections, intermediate sanctions, jails, prisons, and parole, as well as the differences among them. In addition, this course will explore special issues in corrections, such as prisoner’s rights, special prison populations, and capital punishment. Finally, juvenile corrections will also be examined.

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Learning Objectives/

  1. 1.1 Describe the major historical forces which led to the development of the United States’s contemporary correctional structure.
  2. 1.2 Evaluate the development of the modern United States’ correctional system, including the issues that surround it.
  3. 1.3 Describe the four primary purposes of punishment.
  1. 2.1 Differentiate the various types of sentencing options in the United States’ criminal justice system.
  2. 2.2 Assess the complex sociopolitical process of sentencing in the United States judicial system.
  1. 3.1 Describe the various diversionary tactics used in United States’ courts.
  2. 3.2 Explain the most common practices and guidelines of the modern probation system in the United States.
  1. 4.1 Analyze an array of intermediate sanctions and their purposes.
  2. 4.2 Explain the “mini-systems” created to deal with special populations of offenders.
  1. 5.1 Identify the types of jails and each type’s most relevant characteristics and societal functions.
  2. 5.2 Describe the characteristics of many United States’ jail populations.
  3. 5.3 Examine the significant problems facing jails at both a staff and inmate management level.
  1. 6.1 Compare the different types of United States’ prisons and which inmates live within each one.
  2. 6.2 Describe the methods and logic behind managing and supervising contemporary prisons.
  3. 6.3 Evaluate significant problems that prisons in the United States face today.
  1. 7.1 Evaluate the subculture of a male prison, including norms, values, and argot.
  2. 7.2 Evaluate the experiences of American women who are incarcerated, including the challenges they face both inside and outside prison walls.
  1. 8.1 Describe the changing social norms and beliefs that have led to the evolution of protecting and clarifying inmates’ rights.
  2. 8.2 Evaluate the Eighth Amendment and the subsequent Supreme Court decisions upholding it.
  1. 9.1 Describe the available treatment programs available to criminal offenders in the United States, including sex offenders.
  2. 9.2 Explain the potential opportunities for job training, skill building, and degree completion in American prisons.
  3. 9.3 Assess other services and programs available to inmates in the interest of rehabilitation and reducing recidivism.
  1. 10.1 Describe major types of parole and standards of meeting parole requirements.
  2. 10.2 Assess the complications and issues facing modern corrections personnel in the United States.
  1. 11.1 Analyze the concerns about special offense inmates in general prison populations and the ways prisons address these concerns.
  2. 11.2 Describe the needs of certain vulnerable subgroups in prisons.
  1. 12.1 Assess the five types of executions used in the United States and the major Supreme Court decisions preventing certain populations from being executed.
  2. 12.2 Analyze both sides of the death penalty debate from an evidence-based approach.
  1. 13.1 Describe the evolution of the American judicial corrections system.
  2. 13.2 Evaluate the complexities of the modern American juvenile justice system’s correctional efforts.

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